2D materials beyond graphene: from fundamental physics to device applications

Recently two-dimensional layered materials such as h-BN, silicene, phosphorene, transition metal dichalcogenides and many others have received a large amount of attention because of their potential applications in a wide range on nanotechnology fields. 2D materials beyond graphene have the advantage of having peculiar and versatile physical properties, such as tunable band gap and electron conductivity and, for this reason, they can be employed in innovative optoelectronic or FET devices. Moreover, these 2D layers have been considered as emerging building blocks of more complex structures, such as van der Waals heterostructures, that further widen the possibility of tailoring the device properties.